2021智慧树答案 英语语言学293 知到网课章节测试答案
1、选择题:Linguistics studies particular language, not languages in general.
2、选择题:Modern linguistics is mostly prescriptive, but sometimes descriptive.
3、选择题:Language is used to record the facts, which is the informative function of language, also called ideational function in the framework of functional grammar.
4、选择题:Sociolinguistics is the study of language in relation to society.
5、选择题:If a linguistic study describes and analyzes the language people actually use, it is said to be _______.
6、选择题:Which of the following is not a design feature of human language?
7、选择题:Language is said to be arbitrary because there is no logical connection between _______ and meanings.
8、选择题:Saussure took a(n) _______ view of language, while Chomsky looks at language from a ________ point of view.
9、选择题:According to Jakobson, ___________ are the functions of language?
10、选择题:Which of the following belongs to the main branches of linguistics?
1、选择题:Phonology is concerned with how the sounds can be classified into different categories.
2、选择题:Distinctive features of sound segments can be found running over a sequence of two or more phonemic segments.
3、选择题:What is the difference between the fields of phonetics and phonology?
A:Phonetics is concerned with the physical and physiological aspects of sounds, while phonology is concerned with sounds as parts of language.
B:Phonetics is mostly concerned with the production of vowels and consonants, while phonology is more about phenomena such as tone.
C:Phonetics is concerned with historical data, whereas phonology is concerned with how language is actually spoken.
D:Phonetics is the more general discipline concerned with all kinds of sounds, whereas phonology is specifically concerned with modern experimental methodologies.
答案: 【Phonetics is concerned with the physical and physiological aspects of sounds, while phonology is concerned with sounds as parts of language.
4、选择题:Question: Which of the following sounds is velar ?
5、选择题:Which of the following sounds is not alveolar?
6、选择题:Would it be useful to compare German and English when trying to establish how English was spoken in the past?
A:Yes, because they have a spelling that is very similar.
B:Yes, because all languages were pronounced in similar ways in the more distant past.
C:No, because English is an older language than German.
D:Yes, because English and German are related and each may have a more conservative pronunciation in some points.
E:Yes, because German is an older language than English.
F:No, because there is no archeological record about the relationship between the two languages.
答案: 【Yes, because English and German are related and each may have a more conservative pronunciation in some points.】
7、选择题:In German, the word ‘Kind’ (child) has the plural form Kind-er. In the letter d is actually pronounced as [t], but in the plural form one pronounces it as a [d]. Which phonological feature is involved in this alternation?
A:Manner of articulation
C:Place of articulation
8、选择题:English and German have relatively large vowel inventories. What reason does the discussion provide for this?
A:These languages are relatively old and had more time to develop the vowel inventory.
B:These languages have a long writing tradition, influencing the number of vowels that can be expressed.
C:Earlier distinctions between long and short vowels developed into vowel quality contrasts in these languages.
D:Because of extensive language contact, these languages borrowed vowels from each other.
E:These languages tend to have a simpler syllable structure than other languages, and need more differences between vowels.
答案: 【These languages tend to have a simpler syllable structure than other languages, and need more differences between vowels.】
9、选择题:How do features help us understand and explain the path of language acquisition?
A:Children are slowed down by the need to learn difficult features.
B:Children try to find out how speech sounds can be built up of features.
C:Children become gradually aware of features.
D:Children use features to put sounds in rectangular tables.
E:Children do not acquire sounds, but rather features.
答案: 【Children try to find out how speech sounds can be built up of features.;
Children become gradually aware of features.;
Children do not acquire sounds, but rather features.】
10、选择题:Which three of the following parameters are relevant for consonant sounds? Please check all that apply.
A:Height of articulation
B:Place of articulation
D:Structure of articulation
E:Manner of articulation
答案: 【Place of articulation;
Manner of articulation;
1、选择题:Nouns, verbs and adjectives can be classified as ____.
答案: 【lexical words】
2、选择题:Morphemes that represent tense, number, gender and case are called _____ morpheme.
3、选择题:______ is a way in which new words may be formed from already existing words by subtracting an affix which is thought to be part of the old word.
4、选择题:The stem of the word “disagreements” is ________.
答案: 【disagreement 】
5、选择题:All of them are meaningful except for ________.
6、选择题:“Fore” in “foretell” is both a prefix and a bound morpheme.
7、选择题:The words “whimper”, “whisper” and “whistle” are formed in the way of onomatopoeia.
8、选择题:In most cases, the number of syllables of a word corresponds to the number of morphemes.
9、选择题:Back-formation is a productive way of word-formation.
10、选择题:Inflection is a particular way of word-formation.
1、选择题:Prase structure rules have ______ properties.
2、选择题:The syntactic rules of any language are ____ in number.
3、选择题:The ________ rules are the rules that group words and phrases to form grammatical sentences.
4、选择题:A sentence is considered ____ when it does not conform to the grammatical knowledge in the mind of native speakers.
5、选择题:A __________ in the embedded clause refers to the introductory word that introduces the embedded clause.
6、选择题:An ________ can further be divided into two types: subordination and coordination.
答案: 【endocentric construction】
7、选择题:What is the construction of the sentence “The boy smiled”?
8、选择题:The head of the phrase “behind the door” is __________.
9、选择题:The phrase “on the shelf” belongs to __________ construction.
10、选择题:The sentence “They were wanted to remain quiet and not to expose themselves.” is a __________ sentence.
1、选择题:Linguistic forms having the same sense may have different references in different situations.
2、选择题:In semantics, meaning of language is considered as the intrinsic and inherent relation to the physical world of experience.
3、选择题:The meaning of a sentence is the sum total of the meanings of all its components.
4、选择题:Most languages have sets of lexical items similar in meaning but ranked differently according to their degree of formality.
5、选择题:________ is not one of seven types of meaning advanced by Geoffrey Leech.
答案: 【derogatory meaning】
6、选择题:Words that are close in meaning are called ______________.
7、选择题:___________ is a way in which the meaning of a word can be dissected into meaning components, called semantic features.
答案: 【Componential analysis】
8、选择题:“teacher” and “student” are ______________.
答案: 【converse antonyms】
9、选择题:_________ deals with the relationship between the linguistic element and the non-linguistic world of experience.
10、选择题:“John killed Bill”_______ “Bill didn’t die.”
C:is synonymous with
D:is inconsistent with
答案: 【is inconsistent with】
1、选择题:It would be impossible to give an adequate description of meaning if the context of language use was left unconsidered.
2、选择题:What essentially distinguishes semantics and pragmatics is whether in the study of meaning the context of use is considered.
3、选择题:Utterances always take the form of complete sentences.
4、选择题:Speech act theory was originated with the British philosopher John Searle.
5、选择题:Perlocutionary act is the act of expressing the speaker’s intention.
6、选择题:The meaning of language was considered as something _______ in traditional semantics.
7、选择题:A sentence is a _________ concept, and the meaning of a sentence is often studied in isolation.
8、选择题:__________ is the act performed by or resulting from saying something; it is the consequence of, or the change brought about by the utterance.
A:An illocutionary act
B:A perlocutionary act
C:A performative act
D:A locutionary act
答案: 【A perlocutionary act】
9、选择题:__________ is advanced by Paul Grice.
C:The General Principle of Universal Grammar
答案: 【Cooperative Principle】
10、选择题:When any of the maxims under the cooperative principle is flouted, _______ might arise.
答案: 【conversational implicatures】[/$]
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