2021知到答案 英国文学(19秋冬校内) 智慧树网课章节测试答案
1、选择题:English literature began with the ( ) settlement in England.
2、选择题:Beowulf, written about the life of England in the ( ) society, is said to be the national epic of the English people.
3、选择题:Beowulf is written in the form of ( ), a popular form of poetry in Anglo-Saxon literature.
答案: 【alliterative verse】
1、选择题:The medieval period is often called the Dark Age for the dominating power of ( ) over everything in the society.
答案: 【the Church】
2、选择题:The central character of a romance is ( ), who follows the code of behavior called chivalry.
答案: 【the knight】
3、选择题:The stories of ( ) are the most well-known ballads, songs of stories told orally in 4-line stanzas.
A:the green knights
答案: 【Robin Hood】
4、选择题:Piers the Plowman written by William Langland in the form of ( ) represents the achievements of popular literature of Medieval England.
5、选择题:( ) is considered the father of English poetry, whose most representative work is The Canterbury Tales.
答案: 【Geoffrey Chaucer】
6、选择题:The Canterbury Tales, a collection of stories strung together and told by 30 pilgrims on their way to pilgrimage, is written in the form of ( ).
答案: 【heroic couoplet】
7、选择题:The key-note of the Renaissance is ( ).
1、选择题:It was ( ) who first introduced and reformed the English drama which reached its climax in the hands of William Shakespeare.
答案: 【University Wits】[$]
2、选择题:Great writers of the English Renaissance who are known for humanism, took ( ) as the centre of the world and voiced the human aspirations for freedom and equality.
3、选择题:Shakespeare is hailed by ( ), contemporary with Shakespeare, as “not of an age, but for all time”.
答案: 【Ben Jonson】
4、选择题:Hamlet is characterized as a(an) ( ) on that, he loves good and hates evil; he is a man free from prejudice and superstition; he has unbounded love for the world and firm belief in the power of man.
5、选择题:Edmund Spenser was considered the ( ) for his achievements in poetry.
A:“father of English poetry”
B:“the saint of English poetry”
C:”the greatest English poet”
D:“the Poets’ Poet”
答案: 【“the Poets’ Poet”】
6、选择题:( ) is a distinctive verse form adopted by Edmund Spenser in his works incluiding his masterpiece The Faerie Queene. It has 9-line stanzas, rhyming in ababbcbcc.
C:”The mighty lines”
D:“The Spenserian Stanza”
答案: 【“The Spenserian Stanza”】
7、选择题:Francis Bacon won for himself the first English ( ) for his achievements in English literature of the Renaissance.
8、选择题:The most representative work of Francis Bacon is ( ), which is the first collection of English essays.
A:Advancement of Learning
D:The Interpretation of Nature
1、选择题:( ) is regarded as the greatest prose writer in the English literature of the 17th century, who is best known for his work The Pilgrim’s Progress.
答案: 【John Bunyan】
2、选择题:The Pilgrim’s Progress is written in the form of ( ) .
3、选择题:”The Metaphysical Poets” refer to the loose group of 17th-century English poets whose work was characterized by the inventive use of ( )
4、选择题:In his “A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning”, John Donne makes a most impressive comparison between love and ( ) as the dominant conceit of the poem.
B:a farewell to a dying person
C:a piece of gold
D:a pair of compasses
答案: 【a pair of compasses】
5、选择题:The 17th century of English history was marked mainly by the English Bourgeois Revolution which ended with the establishment of ( ) as a compromise between the bourgeoisie and the monarchy.
A:the Tory Party
C:the United Kingdom
D:the Whig Party
答案: 【institutional monarchy】
6、选择题:( ) was the religious cloak of the English Bourgeois Revolution which advocated God’s supreme authority over human beings.
7、选择题:Puritan poetry in the 17th-century English literature is represented best by ( ), who produced Paradise Lost as his representative work.
答案: 【John Miltion】
8、选择题:Throughout his life, Milton showed strong rebellious spirit agaisnt many things he thought unjust and acted as the voice of ( ) of England under Oliver Cromwell.
答案: 【the Commonwealth】
9、选择题:“On his Blindness” and “On his Deceased Wife” are the two best-known of Milton’s ( ).
10、选择题:Milton’s Paradise Lost employs the themes taken from ( ) of the Christian Bible.
11、选择题:The central theme of Paradise Lost is ( ).
B:the fall of man
D:the creation of man
答案: 【the fall of man】
1、选择题:The Enlightenment was an intellectual movement throughout Western Europe in the 18th century which was an expression of the struggle of bourgeoisie against ( ).
2、选择题:Among the English Enlighteners of the 18th century, there were chiefly two groups: the ( ) group and the radical group.
3、选择题:The Tatler, a British literary and society journal begun by Richard Steele in 1709, featured cultivated essays on ( ).
答案: 【contemporary manners】
4、选择题:As a distinctive way, ( ) are adopted by the neo-classicist playwrights in the 18th-century English literature.
答案: 【three unities】
5、选择题:( ) writers in the 18th-century English literature modelled themselves on the Greek and Roman writers in their dramatic writings.
6、选择题:Alexaner Pope was a master of poetry in heroic couplet. He strongly advocated ( ), emphasizing that literary works should be judged by classical rules.
7、选择题:Daniel Defoe is an early proponent of the ( ) novel whose masterpiece Robinson Crusoe tells about the adventures of a sailor on the sea and on an island.
8、选择题:As one of the greatest satirists in the 18th century, ( ) made use of satire to attack social evils and call for social changes in his Gulliver’s Travels.
9、选择题:Gulliver’ s Travels tells about the adventures of Gullliver through the fairy tale of fantasy which is a great satire on ( ).
答案: 【human nature】
10、选择题:( ), the greatest realist novelist of the 18th-century English literature, is also considered the father of the English novel.
答案: 【Henry Fielding】
11、选择题:Tom Jones shows Fielding’s philosophical view of “return to ( )”. Thus, in characterization, a contrast is made between Tom Jones, the good-nautured though flawed man, and Bilfil, the hypocritical villain.
12、选择题:Sentimentalism of English literature got its name from Lawrence Stern’s novel ( ) in which Sterne tries to catch the actual flow of human mind and sentiment.
A Sentimental Journey
The Vicar of Wakefield
A Sentimental Journey
13、选择题:Sentimetalism is also found in Samuel Richardson’s ( ) novels which convey female characters’ feelings and sentiments.
14、选择题:The only poet of the sentimentalist school of literature is Thomas Gray, whose well-known “Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard” earned for him the name of a “( ) Poet”.
15、选择题:Oliver Goldsmith’s The Vicar of Wakefield conveys his reflections on the relations between sentimentalism and ( ) in the 18th-century English literature.
16、选择题:The latter half of the 18th century English literature was marked by a strong protest against the bondage of classicism and a recognition of the claims of passion and emotion which is later known as ( ).
17、选择题:Robert Burns is the best known of the poets who have written in the ( ) dialect.
1、选择题:Romanticism preferred ( ) to reason and rationalism. To William Wordsworth, poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings.
2、选择题:The joint publication of ( ) in 1798 by Wordsworth and Coleridge marked the beginning of the Romantic movement in England.
‘Rime of Ancient Mariner’
‘Lines Composed upon Tinten Abbey’
‘Preface to Lyrical Ballads’
3、选择题:To Wordsworth, the theme of poetry should be concerned with ( ), the language of peotry should be plain, and the people poetry should deal with are country folk.
答案: 【common life】
4、选择题:In “I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud”, “the inward eye” refers to ( ), which is a metaphor to appeal to the reader’s imagination of the author’s inner feelings.
5、选择题:In “The Solitary Reaper”, the feeling of ( ) is clearly conveyed to the reader, especially in the first stanza.
6、选择题:Percy Bysshe Shelley belongs to the school of ( ) romantic poets, whose masterpiece Prometheus Unbound owes much to the Greek tragedy Prometheus Bound.
7、选择题:( ) is Shelley’s bestknown lyric in which he calls forth the overthrowing of the old social system and bringing destruction to it.
B:”To a Skylark”
C:“Ode to the West Wind”
D:”Song to the Man of England”
答案: 【“Ode to the West Wind”】
8、选择题:Walter Scott is the only novelist of the romantic literature of the 19th-century England and his novels are mainly ( ) novels as far as genre is concerned.
9、选择题:Scott’s historical novels touch upon the subject matters of the history of ( ), the history of England and the history of European countries.
1、选择题:Jane Austen’s novels mainly concern such issues as the ( ) of young women. Because of the use of satire and criticism of social prejudices, she is considered as a realist novelist rather than a romantic writer.
2、选择题:The Bronte sisters refer to Charlotte, Emily and Anne Bronte, with the elder two represented by Jane Eyre and ( ) respectively.
答案: 【Wuthering Heights】
3、选择题:Of the women writers in the 19th century English literature, ( ) is the only one that deals with the life of the working-class people, represented by her novel Mary Barton.
答案: 【Mrs. Gaskell】
4、选择题:The novels of George Eliot mostly deal with ( ) problems and contain psychological studies of the characters.
1、选择题:In response to the social, political and economic problems associated with industrialisation, ( ) novel becomes the leading genre of the Victorian literature.
答案: 【critial realist】
2、选择题:The first period of Charles Dickens’s literary career is characterized mainly by ( ) and the novels are filled with moral teachings.
3、选择题:Thomas Hardy is the most representative realist in the later decades of the Victorian era, whose principal works are the ( ) novels, i.e., the novels describing the characters and environment of his native countryside.
B:character and environment
答案: 【character and environment】
4、选择题:In the aesthetic movement of the 19th century, “Art for Art’s Sake” can simply mean the focus on ( ) rather than on deep meaning of literary works.
5、选择题:( ) is a type of poetry written in the form of a speech of an individual character whose spiritual world is conveyed to the reader through the author’s subtle psychological analysis.
答案: 【Dramatic monologue】
6、选择题:“Break, Break, Break” is a short lyric poem written by Alfred Tennyson which is a(n) ( ) for the poet to reveal his grief over the death of his friend.
7、选择题:Thomas Carlyle’s non-fiction The French Revolution: A History was the inspiration for Charles Dickens‘ s novel ( ).
A Tale of Two Cities
A Tale of Two Cities
8、选择题:John Ruskin was the leading English art critic of the Victorian era. In his Modern Painters, he argued that the principal role of the artist is ( ).
A:”truth to nature“
C:”art for art’s sake”
答案: 【“truth to nature“】
9、选择题:In his Culture and Anarchy, ( ) showed his deepest contempt for and most frequent attack on the middle-class Philistines who he thought lacked culture.
答案: 【Matthew Arnold】[/$]
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