2021知到答案 商务英语写作基础 智慧树满 分章节测试答案
1、选择题:Which type of writing is being described in a letter to the governor explaining why the tax increase is a bad idea?（ ）
2、选择题:Which type of writing is being described in a paper discussing the after-effects of a war?（ ）
3、选择题:Which type of business writing is being described in a report Michelle wrote to share with her principal information she has accumulated regarding best practices for teaching Latin?（ ）
A:instructional business writing
B:informational business writing
C:persuasive business writing
D:transactional business writing
答案: 【informational business writing】
4、选择题:Which type of business writing is being described in an employment dismissal letter to an employee of poor performance? （ ）
A:instructional business writing
B:informational business writing
C:persuasive business writing
D:transactional business writing
答案: 【transactional business writing】
5、选择题:What is the primary purpose of a persuasive essay?（ ）
A:to change the audience’s position
B:to present your point of view as the only one
C:to have a platform to give an opinion without facts
D:to let those who feel differently than you know that they are wrong
答案: 【to change the audience’s position】
6、选择题:Which genre does the picture stand for?（ ）
7、选择题:The three basic functions of business writing are to inform, to influence, and to entertain. （ ）
8、选择题:The goal of a persuasive piece of writing is to convey information.（ ）
9、选择题:Which statements are NOT true?（ ）
A:Instructional business writing provides the reader with the information needed to complete a task.
B:Reports and minutes are the persuasive types of business writing.
C:Proposals are the documents outlining an offer of a product or service to a specific potential client.
D:Official letters, forms, and invoices are documents used to record business information.
答案: 【Reports and minutes are the persuasive types of business writing.;
Official letters, forms, and invoices are documents used to record business information.】
10、选择题:Which statements are true? （ ）
A:A genre consists of a format and a structure.
B:You can access many templates on the word processing software.
C:In businesses, written communication takes very similar forms.
D:A résumé is a brief document that summarizes your education, employment history, and experiences.
答案: 【A genre consists of a format and a structure.;
You can access many templates on the word processing software.;
A résumé is a brief document that summarizes your education, employment history, and experiences.】
1、选择题:Which is the proven document-formatting technique?（ ）
A:using white space
B:using Times New Roman or Arial
C:using signposting words or phrases
D:all the above
答案: 【all the above】[$]
2、选择题:Choose the sentence that is correct without adding a comma. （ ）
A:He left the scene of the accident and tried to forget that it had happened.
B:He replied “I have no idea what you mean.”
C:After a good washing and grooming the pup looked like a new dog.
D:Vests which were once popular have been out of vogue for several years.
答案: 【He left the scene of the accident and tried to forget that it had happened.】
3、选择题:Which of the following statements is NOT true? （ ）
A:People judge intelligence, professionalism, and competence based on grammar and punctuation.
B:It is not acceptable to write an article or a report using only short sentences with commas and periods.
C:A semicolon can be often used to separate words or phrases of any length.
D:It is important for a writer to be consistent in using punctuation within a document.
答案: 【A semicolon can be often used to separate words or phrases of any length.】
4、选择题:Which of the sentence is NOT correctly punctuated? （ ）
A:Since we moved into town, our fuel bill has tripled.
B:Having chosen nursing as a career Susan enrolled in many science courses.
C:Usually, I have time to eat breakfast.
D:From outside the twelve-mile fishing limits off the coast of Maine, a strange phenomenon has been reported.
答案: 【From outside the twelve-mile fishing limits off the coast of Maine, a strange phenomenon has been reported.】
5、选择题:White space is reader-friendly, because wide margins make your writing easier for your readers’ eyes to scan.（ ）
6、选择题:Professional writing presented in a standard way is expected and appreciated by business people.（ ）
7、选择题:He did not however intend to return the money he borrowed.（ ）
8、选择题:Saul having forgotten to save his work lost all of his revisions when his computer crashed.（ ）
9、选择题:Select the correctly punctuated sentence.（ ）
A:Spain is a beautiful country. The beaches are warm, sandy and spotlessly clean.
B:Spain is a beautiful country: the beaches are warm, sandy and spotlessly clean.
C:Spain is a beautiful country, the beaches are warm, sandy and spotlessly clean.
D:Spain is a beautiful country; the beaches are warm, sandy and spotlessly clean.
答案: 【Spain is a beautiful country. The beaches are warm, sandy and spotlessly clean.;
Spain is a beautiful country; the beaches are warm, sandy and spotlessly clean.】
10、选择题:Decide which of these sentences uses the hyphen correctly.（ ）
A:He lived in the eighteenth-century.
B:He had always been interested in the eighteenth-century.
C:He was fascinated by eighteenth-century history.
D:I love eighteenth-century architecture.
答案: 【He was fascinated by eighteenth-century history.;
I love eighteenth-century architecture.】
1、选择题:Which of the following is NOT an element of good diction?（ ）
A:Using interesting words.
B:Using specific, descriptive words.
C:Repeating yourself often to make a point.
D:Eliminating confusing words
答案: 【Repeating yourself often to make a point.】
2、选择题:Which of the following statements about how to choose a level of diction is NOT true? （ ）
A:Choose the level most appropriate for the audience you are writing for.
B:You may choose to use different levels of diction for various purposes.
C:Slang is an informal, nonstandard form of language which consists of newly created and rapidly changing words and phrases.
D:Dialect is specific words or phrases used in different contexts, professions, and trade.
答案: 【Dialect is specific words or phrases used in different contexts, professions, and trade.】
3、选择题:The company is planning to launch an important sales （ ）to promote their latest product.
4、选择题:In your essay on the influence of TV, don’t forget to discuss these.（ ）
A:a brief chat
D:a major problem
答案: 【key issues】
5、选择题:A thesaurus is a word reference that gives word meanings, acceptable spellings, hyphenation, capitalization, pronunciation.（ ）
6、选择题:Specialized dictionaries for business or other areas such as financing or accounting can be found on the Internet.
7、选择题:At an entry of most dictionaries, you can find the spelling, pronunciation, part of speech, definition, and synonyms. （ ）
8、选择题:A dictionary gives you a list of synonyms and antonyms.（ ）
9、选择题:Which statements are true?（ ）
A:Connotation refers to the primary meaning of a word.
B:Denotation is the emotional or cultural meaning attached to a word.
C:The connotation of a word can be positive, negative, or neutral.
D:In some cases, the real meaning of some words resides in the mind of the user, the listener, or the reader.
答案: 【The connotation of a word can be positive, negative, or neutral.;
In some cases, the real meaning of some words resides in the mind of the user, the listener, or the reader.】
10、选择题:Which statements are NOT true? （ ）
A:For all written texts, formal diction is used.
B:When writing for an audience of varied intelligence, you should use more sophisticated diction.
C:Diction is important in creating the proper tone and style of a piece of writing.
D:Diction in writing is the word choice.
答案: 【For all written texts, formal diction is used.;
When writing for an audience of varied intelligence, you should use more sophisticated diction.】
1、选择题:Which is a dependent clause?（ ）
A:If I skip class.
B:The dog barked.
D:Mrs. Smith spoke to the class.
答案: 【If I skip class.】
2、选择题:Pauline and Bruno have a big argument every summer over where they should spend their summer vacation. （ ）
答案: 【Complex Sentence】
3、选择题:Bruno took the desktop computer that he uses at work, and Pauline sits on the beach with her laptop computer, which she connects to the internet with a cellular phone.（ ）
答案: 【Compound-Complex Sentence】
4、选择题:Choose the complete sentence.（ ）
A:Then I attended Morris Junior High. A junior high that was a bad experience.
B:The scene was filled with beauty. Such as the sun sending its brilliant rays to the earth and the leaves of various shades of red, yellow, and brown moving slowly in the wind.
C:He talked for fifty minutes without taking his eyes off his notes. Like other teachers in that department, he did not encourage students’ questions.
D:Within each group, a wide range of features to choose from. It was difficult to distinguish between them.
答案: 【He talked for fifty minutes without taking his eyes off his notes. Like other teachers in that department, he did not encourage students’ questions.】
5、选择题:Choose the correct sentence. （ ）
A:I didn’t know which job I wanted I was too confused to decide.
B:I didn’t know which job I wanted, so I was too confused to decide.
C:I didn’t know which job I wanted, I was too confused to decide.
D:I didn’t know which job I wanted, so, I was too confused to decide.
答案: 【I didn’t know which job I wanted, so I was too confused to decide.】
6、选择题:What are the ways of correcting comma splices?（ ）
A:Create two sentences with a period;
B:Use a semi-colon to connect the two independent clauses;
C:Use a conjunction to build relations between the two clauses.
D:Delete one of the clauses.
答案: 【Create two sentences with a period;;
Use a semi-colon to connect the two independent clauses;;
Use a conjunction to build relations between the two clauses.】
7、选择题:Select the sentences which contain dangling participles. （ ）
A:Stuck in the mud, Tim could see a man waving.
B:Stuck in the mud, the man tried to free himself.
C:Stuck in the mud, the man called for help.
D:Stuck in the mud, the rescue services rushed to the man’s assistance.
答案: 【Stuck in the mud, Tim could see a man waving.;
Stuck in the mud, the rescue services rushed to the man’s assistance.】
8、选择题:Choose from the answers below to diagnose what’s wrong with the following sentence.
Clint didn’t talk much he just stared you down with cold, dead eyes. （ ）
A:It is a sentence fragment.
B:It has a comma splice.
C:It is a regular run-on sentence.
D:“He” should be capitalized.
答案: 【It is a regular run-on sentence.;
“He” should be capitalized.】
9、选择题:Coordination joins two independent clauses of equal importance, whereas subordination joins two independent clauses or ideas in a way that makes one more important than the other.
10、选择题:There were fifteen candies in that bag. Now there is only one left!（ ）
1、选择题:Read the passage below and identify the main pattern of organization uses in it.（ ）
The story of the city mouse and the country mouse is one version of the age-old debate between the people who prefer city life and those who prefer country life. In the city, there is always something to do. But in the country, you can always find peace and quiet. In the city, you are constantly exposed to new and different kinds of people. On the other hand, in the country, you are always among familiar faces. These are the images we have. The reality is less clear-cut. Rural towns do have their night spots, and even New York City has places to escape to and be alone with your thoughts.
A:problem and solution
B:cause and effect
C:comparison and contrast
答案: 【comparison and contrast】
2、选择题:Choose the best topic sentence. （ ）The teachers are all very old and boring. The courses are not good. The buildings are old and dirty and there is no heating in them. Worst of all, it takes me two hours to get there. I wish I had gone to a different college.
A:My college is too old.
B:I don’t like the teachers at my college.
C:I really hate my college.
D:I had gone to a different college.
答案: 【I really hate my college.】
3、选择题:Comment on the paragraph below. ( )
All students need to know how to write a good paragraph. The main parts of a paragraph are the topic sentence, supporting sentences and the concluding sentence. Students may receive lower marks for poorly constructed paragraphs. Paragraphs in law essays are different from paragraphs in other subject areas.
A:Incorrectly written, because the supporting sentences do not match the topic sentence.
B:ncorrectly written, because a paragraph is a group of sentences, so each sentence does not start on a new line.
C:Correctly written, because the paragraph sticks to the topic sentence.
D:Correctly written, because the paragraph starts the next sentence on the same line as the previous sentence.
答案: 【Incorrectly written, because the supporting sentences do not match the topic sentence.】
4、选择题:Identify the topic sentence in the following paragraph. ( )
(1) No matter how you slice it, there are only 24 hours in a day. (2) To be successful at university, students need to learn good time-management skills. (3) The first skill is not taking on more than you can handle. If you are a working part-time, have a family and are involved in a community organization, then taking a full course-load at university will be too much. Another time management skill is reasonably estimating the time required to perform each of the tasks at hand. For example, profoundly reading a chapter from a course text cannot be completed in between television programmes. Finally, actually doing what needs to be done seems obvious, but is a very difficult skill. You may find that cleaning out your wardrobe becomes vital when you are avoiding study. Procrastination is a time manager’s enemy. (4) By learning time management skills your university study will be successful and most importantly enjoyable.
答案: 【Sentence (2)】
5、选择题:The paragraph below contains irrelevant sentences. Look at the initial sentence in each paragraph to see what the focus of that paragraph should be and identify the irrelevant sentences. ( )
The Greek islands make a perfect place to go on holiday. a) There are literally hundreds of islands to choose from. b) Athens is the rather overcrowded and polluted capital of Greece. c) Many of the Greek islands are still very unspoiled and quiet, retaining traces of a more peaceful pace of life. d) For those wanting more excitement, there are islands with plenty of bars and restaurants. e) Getting to the islands could not be easier; there are regular ferry connections to all the main islands from Athens and Rafina. f) Some people can feel rather unwell when traveling by boat.
6、选择题:The paragraph below contains irrelevant sentences. Look at the initial sentence in each paragraph to see what the focus of that paragraph should be and identify the irrelevant sentences. ( )
Newspaper crosswords are becoming increasingly popular. a) There is good evidence that doing crosswords helps you to avoid mental degeneration in later life. b) Newspaper sales have been in decline for several years. c) Many editors blame the increase in television news for the decline in sales. d) Tests with retirees who regularly complete crosswords have shown higher levels of the chemicals associated with mental alertness. e) The participants in the survey reported feeling more alert and interested in life than a control group who did not do crosswords. f) All the participants agreed that The Sun is an awful paper.
7、选择题:The paragraph below contains irrelevant sentences. Look at the initial sentence in each paragraph to see what the focus of that paragraph should be and identify the irrelevant sentences. ( )
Indian food is becoming more and more popular in the UK. a) A recent poll indicated that chicken tikka masala is the nation’s favorite dish. b) Chickens are usually reared on battery farms in conditions of very poor light and with restricted movement. c) Indian cookbooks have been selling in greater and greater numbers as more people want to experiment with this style of food. d) Due to consumer pressure, free-range chickens are becoming more and more popular. e) One reason for the increasing popularity of Indian food is the increased availability of the spices needed to give the food its distinctive flavor. f) There has also been an explosion in the number of Indian restaurants offering this exotic cuisine at reasonable prices.
8、选择题:How are supporting sentences used to offer evidence for the topic sentence?（ ）
A:by defining the idea
B:by giving examples
C:by commenting on evidence
D:by showing implications or consequences
E:by examining opposing ideas
答案: 【by defining the idea;
by giving examples;
by commenting on evidence;
by showing implications or consequences;
by examining opposing ideas】
9、选择题:Synonyms are used as a cohesive device to help the reader to stay focused on the idea being discussed.
10、选择题:The ordering of the paragraphs is important in giving writing coherence and a logical flow.
1、选择题:Why is it important to use visuals in a proposal?（ ）
A:To impress your reader.
B:To break up the blocks of text.
C:To clarify statistical detail in the report.
D:All of the above.
答案: 【All of the above.】
2、选择题:Of the following statements, which one(s) are measurable? ( )
A:This proposal will allow us to increase sales by 57%.
B:Implementing this process will greatly improve productivity.
C:We will see more customers this quarter than last quarter.
D:Customer satisfaction will decrease if we do not do what is proposed here.
答案: 【This proposal will allow us to increase sales by 57%.】
3、选择题:The following passage is from the captureplanning.com website. It is an introductory paragraph and the first thing a viewer on the website will see. Who do you think the audience is for the passage? ( )
In business proposal writing, the only opinion that matters is that of your customer’s. If you want to know what to include in your proposal or how to best format a proposal, you need to look at it from the customer’s point of view. Business proposal writing should answer any questions the customer has and explain the benefits of your approach. If you want to perfect your proposal writing, you need to first perfect your understanding of your customer. It’s not about what you want to say or how well you can describe yourself; it’s about what the customer needs to know in order to select the winner. Only after you master writing from the customer’s perspective can you write a proposal that is the most effective. Some general advice for people who are new to business proposal writing is provided below…
B:Someone who is not familiar with writing business proposals
D:Anyone who visits the website
答案: 【Someone who is not familiar with writing business proposals】
4、选择题:What is the purpose of the passage in Question 3?
A:to inform the reader about the website.
B:to entertain the reader.
C:to persuade the reader to continue reading for more information about how to write a business proposal.
D:to inform the reader about the business proposal.
答案: 【to persuade the reader to continue reading for more information about how to write a business proposal.】
5、选择题:Why is it important to proofread your essay? （ ）
A:The proofreading process can be entertaining.
B:To ensure that you do not overlook silly mistakes that can affect your credibility.
C:You may find a quote that you want to add to your essay.
D:It can prove to be a helpful step before you begin writing your next essay.
答案: 【To ensure that you do not overlook silly mistakes that can affect your credibility.】
6、选择题:The last step in the editing process is known as（ ）, which involves carefully reading over a document for the purpose of finding any errors in grammar, spelling, punctuation, or formatting that need to be corrected.
7、选择题:When you profile your audience, you should consider which of the following criteria? （ ）
A:the reader’s level of education
B:the reader’s attitude about you as a writer
C:how many people will read your essay
D:why the reader has chosen to read your essay
答案: 【the reader’s level of education;
the reader’s attitude about you as a writer;
how many people will read your essay;
why the reader has chosen to read your essay】
8、选择题:As you work on editing and improving the content of an essay that you’ve written, which of the following considerations are important?（ ）
A:Your purpose is clear.
B:Your thesis statement is effective.
C:You have sufficient supporting details.
D:Your points are organized well.
E:Your supporting details are numbered.
答案: 【Your purpose is clear.;
Your thesis statement is effective.;
You have sufficient supporting details.;
Your points are organized well.】
9、选择题:Choosing the correct channel for a message is not as important as defining the purpose of the message.
10、选择题:The organizational outline of a negative message in an indirect approach may include buffer, reasons, news, and goodwill & actions.
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