2021知到答案 能源英语面面观 智慧树网课章节测试答案
1、选择题:The Chinese equivalent of ESAP is （ ）.
2、选择题:The word “synergy” means （ ）based on its etymological explanation.
3、选择题:The word “oil” originally means “any kind of smooth greasy liquid” but later acquires the specific meaning of “petroleum”. This word-forming method is called （ ）.
4、选择题:Compounded words have four characteristics, among which （ ）refers to its spelling features.
5、选择题:Sour oil means oil that contains a relatively high proportion of （ ）.
6、选择题:The sun energizes photosynthesis and brings about the energy called （ ）.
答案: 【chemical energy】
7、选择题:Energy industry is the totality of all of the industries involved in the production and sale of energy, including fuel extraction, manufacturing, （ ） and distribution.
8、选择题:The underlined word “tap” means （ ）in the following sentence—Oil is formed and then percolates up through cracks and porous rock to fill the reservoirs that humans tap to get oil.
9、选择题:Abbreviations can achieve brevity, conciseness, efficiency and economy. Therefore it is frequently used in the following domain EXCEPT （ ）.
答案: 【fiction writing】
10、选择题:Energy conversion efficiency (η) is the ratio between （ ）and （ ）.
答案: 【input, output】
( ) is not a real coal, but only a precursor.
China is the largest coal ( ) country in 2017.
答案: 【production 】
3、选择题: A tale of two Europes means ( ).
A:Western Europe and Eastern Europe
B:some countries in western Europe with coal exit and some countries in Eastern Europe not announcing coal phase-out
C:Northern Europe and Southern Europe
D:poor Europe and rich Europe
答案: 【some countries in western Europe with coal exit and some countries in Eastern Europe not announcing coal phase-out】
4、选择题:The abiotic theory is developed in ( ) during the Cold War, as it needed to be self sufficient in terms of producing its own energy.
答案: 【Soviet Union】
Slightly more than half of the world’s proven reserves are located in ( ).
C:the Middle East
答案: 【the Middle East】
6、选择题:In China, most natural gas is distributed in ( ).
答案: 【basins 】
7、选择题:Which of the following are fossil fuels?
答案: 【natural gas;
8、选择题:The most significant uses of coal are in ( ).
答案: 【steel production;
9、选择题:According to a report by British Petroleum (BP), Large supplies of coal are known to exist (proven reserves) or thought to be available in ( ).
10、选择题:Across much of Asia, coal demand grows due to its ( ).
11、选择题:In the argument about the origin of oil, scientists should avoid letting ( ) prevent them from accepting the truth, whatever that proves to be.
答案: 【scientific competition;
12、选择题:Petroleum is a ( ) mixture of solid, liquid, and gaseous hydrocarbons that occurs naturally beneath the Earth’s surface.
13、选择题:According to the report by EIA in 2018, the top three countries by oil production are ( ).
答案: 【the USA;
14、选择题:Fossil fuels originated from dinosaurs.
15、选择题:To carry coals to Newcastle is like to pour sand on the beach.
16、选择题:In order to reduce the consumption of coal , China has tried its best to invest in renewable energy and to adopt new technology to improve the efficiency in industry.
17、选择题:The word “petroleum” originated in Latin which means “rock oil”.
18、选择题:Oil and natural gas are often found in similar areas, although natural gas will almost certainly be higher in the ground and under less pressure than oil.
1、选择题:Fuel cell engines (燃料电池发动机) are two to three times more efficient than combustion engines, meaning that much greater fuel economy is available using hydrogen in a fuel cell.
2、选择题:A fuel cell is a device that produces electricity from chemical fuels, in just one step. Unlike batteries, fuel cells don’t run down or need recharging. As long as there is a constant source of fuel and oxygen, fuel cells will continue to generate power. And they don’t burn the fuel – the electricity is produced directly.
3、选择题:We are more independent on electricity than we were generations ago so a failure of supply today can have major consequences.
4、选择题:Because the fuel cell is so much more efficient that the internal combustion engine, fueling a fuel cell car can cost around the same as fueling a gasoline car.
5、选择题:Refueling a fuel cell car is more complex and dangerous than with traditional gasoline vehicles.
6、选择题:Solar panels, wind turbines, hydro power and geothermal energy and hydrocarbons (natural gas or coal) can all be used to produce hydrogen (a primary energy).
7、选择题:Electrolysis can use wind, solar, geothermal, fossil fuels, biomass, nuclear, and many other energy sources.
8、选择题:Ways to produce hydrogen fuel include producing it from nuclear power, biomass, algae, artificial photosynthesis, direct solar and coal gasification.
9、选择题:Solar power causes no pollution at all.
10、选择题:Seasonal variations in precipitation and long-term changes in precipitation patterns, such as droughts, have a big impact on hydropower production.
11、选择题:Petroleum and natural gas beneath the ocean floor are also considered a form of ocean energy.
12、选择题:Hydropower systems build pressure either by containing the water behind a dam, or within a pipe that runs down a hill. The weight of the water behind the dam or in the pipe creates pressure at the bottom. More height creates more pressure, and more pressure means we can get more power from the flow of water.
13、选择题:The 1973 oil embargo and 1979 energy crisis caused a reorganization of energy policies around the world and brought renewed attention to developing solar technologies.
14、选择题:New energy vehicles are driven by the enery of ______. It is believed that they reduce our dependence on petroleum and may reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
15、选择题:_____ is the first element on the periodic table, making it the lightest element. Since it is so light, it rises in the atmosphere and is therefore rarely found in its pure form.
16、选择题:In a flame of pure hydrogen gas, burning in air, the hydrogen reacts with oxygen to form water and releases _______.
17、选择题:______ has the highest energy content of all known conventional fuels (by weight). It has almost 3 times more energy content by mass than ______.
A:Oxygen, fossil fuels
答案: 【Hydrogen, gasoline】
18、选择题:The only products that come out of a fuel cell are _______. No pollution or other dirty byproducts come out of the tailpipe of a fuel cell car.
A:energy, water vapor, and oxygen
B:electricity and hydrogen
C:electricity, heat and water
D:water and oxygen
答案: 【electricity, heat and water】
19、选择题:Fuel cells are versatile as they can scale up easily and meet a variety of power needs – large or small. You can ____ individual fuel cells to increase the amount of power they can provide. The taller the stack, the more power you have.
20、选择题:Pure hydrogen does not occur naturally on Earth in large quantities, and it is locked up in enormous quantities in water, hydrocarbons, and other ______. One of the challenges of using hydrogen as a fuel comes from being able to efficiently extract hydrogen from these compounds (化合物).
答案: 【organic matter】
21、选择题:______ is an energy form found in nature that has not been subjected to any human engineered conversion process. It is energy contained in raw fuels, and other forms of energy received as input to a system.
答案: 【Primary energy】
22、选择题:In electrolysis, electricity is run through water to separate the _____ and _____ atoms.
答案: 【hydrogen, oxygen】
23、选择题:Manufacturers of hydrogen generators have developed methods to use lower amounts of electricity to split water into hydrogen. Different electrolytes or catalysts are used in _______ the bonds between hydrogen and oxygen atoms that make up water.
24、选择题:The scientists and researchers have mostly decided that using nuclear power plants that are currently online may be able to produce hydrogen fuel as a byproduct of the water that they are already using to cool the ____.
25、选择题:Landfills and farms can have high concentrations of _____ which is hydrogen-rich chemical compound.
26、选择题:Most of today’s hydrogen is produced from natural gas through a process called steam methane reforming. This is where steam and _______come together under high temperature to produce hydrogen.
27、选择题:A raging river contains ____ energy ____a small stream.
D:all possibilities above
答案: 【more, than】
28、选择题:Beams of sunshine are waves of light and heat energy, radiated across 93 million miles of space to reach our earth in about ________.
答案: 【eight minutes】
29、选择题:Sunlight reaches us by radiation. Radiation travels in electromagnetic waves consisting of ______, and when the energy waves reach an object, they can either pass through it, or be reflected, or be absorbed, depending on the material. PVs are made out of a semi-conducting material. When they absorb photons of sunlight, the energy of the photons dislodges electrons from their atoms. The PV’s special coating attracts free electrons to the surface, and it is this movement of electrons that produces the electrical current.
30、选择题:Floatovoltaics reduce the need of valuable land area, save drinking water that would otherwise be lost through ______, and show a higher efficiency of solar energy conversion, as the panels are kept at a _____ temperature than they would be on land.
答案: 【evaporation, cooler】
31、选择题:The island of Ta’u in American Samoa, small in size though, is large when it comes to renewable energy. It producing 100% of its electricity from solar power. The batteries store energy for up to ____ days on which the sun doesn’t shine.
32、选择题:Hydrogen fuel can be harvested from biomass. ______, ________ and ______ are three places that create much biomass.
33、选择题:The amount of _____ that drains into rivers and streams in a geographic area determines the amount of water available for producing hydropower.
34、选择题:The volume of the water flow and the change in _____ from one point to another determine the amount of available energy in moving water.
35、选择题:Water wheels are machines that use the energy of ______ to turn a wheel. The axle of the turning wheel can then power other machines to do work.
B:neither of them
C:or falling water
答案: 【flowing water;
or falling water;
36、选择题:The Three Gorges Dam has brought benefits to Chinese people mainly in __________.
答案: 【navigation improvement;
37、选择题:New nuclear is impractical in western countries because of ________.
A:oft demand for multiple reactor units
答案: 【oft demand for multiple reactor units;
38、选择题:Strong ocean currents are generated from a combination of temperature, wind, salinity, bathymetry, and the rotation of the Earth. The Sun acts as the primary driving force, causing _____________.
答案: 【temperature differences;
39、选择题:Common environmental concerns associated with marine energy developments include ____.
A:the effects of EMF and underwater noise emitted from operating marine energy devices
B:the potential effect on nearfield and farfield marine environment and processes such as sediment transport and water quality
C:the risk of marine mammals and fish being struck by tidal turbine blades
D:the physical presence of marine energy projects and their potential to alter the behavior of marine mammals, fish, and seabirds with attraction or avoidance
答案: 【the effects of EMF and underwater noise emitted from operating marine energy devices;
the potential effect on nearfield and farfield marine environment and processes such as sediment transport and water quality;
the risk of marine mammals and fish being struck by tidal turbine blades;
the physical presence of marine energy projects and their potential to alter the behavior of marine mammals, fish, and seabirds with attraction or avoidance】
1、选择题:Hydroelectric facilities might have a major impact on （ ）.
答案: 【aquatic ecosystems】
2、选择题:Geothermal energy brings air emissions including（ ）.
D:all the options
答案: 【all the options】
3、选择题:（ ）is NOT one of the gender issues in energy industry.
答案: 【racial discrimination】
4、选择题:Wind farms may bring （ ）.
答案: 【noise pollution】
5、选择题:Under certain lighting conditions, wind turbines can create an effect known as（ ）.
C:urban heat island effect
答案: 【shadow flicker】
6、选择题:To achieve gender equity in the energy sector does not mean achieving（ ）.
答案: 【equal time】
7、选择题:STEM education does not include （ ）.
8、选择题:Women are trying to get involved in energy sectors by making efforts in different aspects except （ ）.
A:creating green energy initiatives
B:complaining juvenile delinquency
C:founding renewable energy companies
D:making energy policies
答案: 【complaining juvenile delinquency】
9、选择题:Earth Hour starts at（ ）.
10、选择题:WWF is short for（ ）.
A:World Wildlife Family
B:World Web Foundation
C:World Wide Fund for Nature
D:World Wrestling Federation
答案: 【World Wide Fund for Nature】
11、选择题:（ ）is the world’s largest conservation organization.
12、选择题:WWF is well-known for its （ ） logo created in 1961.
13、选择题:Which one of these increases the level of carbon dioxide in our atmosphere?
A:Cutting down trees
B:Driving a car
C:Traveling by plane
D:All the options
答案: 【All the options】
14、选择题:（ ） is taken in by plants to make food.
答案: 【carbon dioxide】
15、选择题:The process by which plants make food is called （ ）.
16、选择题:（ ）also known as IEA, is at the heart of global dialogue on energy.
A:Interscholastic Equestrian Association
B:International Energy Agency
C:Individualized Education Account
D:Infrastructure & Energy Alternatives
答案: 【International Energy Agency】
17、选择题:（ ） is an example of initialism.
18、选择题:The（ ） is an intergovernmental organization to promote adoption and sustainable use of renewable energy.
A:World Energy Forum
C:Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development
D:International Renewable Energy Agency
答案: 【International Renewable Energy Agency】
19、选择题:Choose the correct abbreviation. （ ）
A:We start school on Ag. 8th.
B:We start school on Augt. 8th.
C:We start school on Aug. 8th.
D:We start school on Augst. 8th.
答案: 【We start school on Aug. 8th.】
20、选择题:What time of the day is 12:00 A.M.? （ ）.
21、选择题:“I live on 9200 S. Bell St.” What does “S.” stand for in this sentence? （ ）
22、选择题:Countries that rely on oil exports, can suffer from a phenomenon known as the（ ）.
答案: 【“Dutch Disease”】
23、选择题:The（ ）Effect refers to a concept that small causes can have large effects.
24、选择题:The carbon market is a market in which we trade（ ）.
C:carbon emission allowances
答案: 【carbon emission allowances】
25、选择题:What year did oil prices skyrocket thanks to an OPEC embargo? （ ）
26、选择题:Plastic type（ ）is typically used to make bottles for water.
27、选择题:It is safer to put type （ ）polypropylene into a microwave oven.
28、选择题:Which is an example of geopolitics? （ ）
A:The Great Depression
B:The French Revolution
C:The Cold War
答案: 【The Cold War】
29、选择题:Geopolitics is closest to （ ）.
答案: 【Geographic politics】
30、选择题:Carbon footprints can NOT be reduced through（ ）.
A:unplugging unused electronic devices
B:recycling as much as possible
C:eating more meat
D:improving energy efficiency
答案: 【eating more meat】
1、选择题:The ancient ( ), were all formed along the rivers.
答案: 【Civilizations 】
2、选择题:Before the industrial revolution, the most important resources were ( ) in agricultural society
A:Coal and oil
B:Land and water
C:Oil and water
D:Land and oil
答案: 【Land and water】
After the industrial revolution, the key energy transferred to ( ).
答案: 【fossil fuels】
4、选择题:people build dams and levees to control the flooding. These projects, as well as reservoirs and wells, were called ( ).
答案: 【hydraulic engineering】
5、选择题:One of the reasons of the bad economic situation in Arabian world, may be attributed to the disruptive fracking technology improvement in ( ).
B:the Middle East
答案: 【the U.S.A】
6、选择题:Before fossil fuels were exploited and applied on a large scale, ( ) the main source of energy in ancient China.
A:Coal and oil
C:Wood and charcoal
D:Water and wind
答案: 【Wood and charcoal】
7、选择题:The poem Old Charcoal Man told us a fact that the royal family, as well as the common people living in cities, need to purchase Charcoal for their ( ).
D:awards to the courtiers
答案: 【daily supply】
8、选择题:Charcoal had been the main fuel of smelting and casting industry before ( ).
答案: 【Song Dynasty】
9、选择题:The uncontrolled use of firewood ultimately led to serious consequence —( ).
答案: 【Vegetation deterioration】
10、选择题:When the driving force of social transformation was mainly from the South and overseas, the ancient empire had to move towards early industrialization, in the way of separating ( ) and financial capital.
答案: 【energy resources】
11、选择题: In modern society, ( ), as the primary source of energy, would affect the national security.
12、选择题:Greenspan once said: “Oil is the blood of ( ).”
答案: 【Modern industry】
13、选择题:By ( ), with the imported oil accounting for 80%, China is almost becoming a country totally dependent on imported oil.
14、选择题:China is constructing mutually beneficial relationships with all the countries along ( ).
A:the Belt and Road
B:the South China Sea
C:the Middle East
D:the Strait of Malacca
答案: 【the Belt and Road】
15、选择题: The South China Sea contains the world’s largest reserve of ( ).
答案: 【combustible ice】
16、选择题:The international organization of financial system that President Roosevelt proposed after WWII to establish is ( ).
A:the World Trade Organization
B:the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
C:the United Nations
D:the Bretton Woods system
答案: 【the Bretton Woods system】
17、选择题:Within the Bretton Woods system, the United States promised to exchange the dollars for gold at a fixed rate of ( ) dollars per ounce.
18、选择题:In 1974 the United States made a deal with ( )for a military alliance, which thus led to the petroleum trade being priced in the U.S. dollars.
D:The Middle East
答案: 【Saudi Arabia】
19、选择题:After 1973, by linking the dollar to oil, a direct consequence of fighting in oil-producing countries is the soaring oil prices, which means ( ) for the dollar.
答案: 【higher demand】
20、选择题:The first decree issued by the Interim Government was to declare Iraq’s oil exports to be priced in dollars again instead of ( ).
21、选择题:Venezuela, a country located in north of ( ), once has been one of the world’s largest exporters of oil and has the world’s largest ( ).
A:Africa, proven oil reserves
B:Africa, oil reserves
C:south America, proven oil reserves
D:South America, oil reserves
答案: 【south America, proven oil reserves】
22、选择题:The term Dutch Disease was coined in ( ) to explain a sharp decline in the Dutch economy following their discovery of ( )in 1959.
A:1977, natural petroleum reserves
B:1977, natural gas reserves
C:1966, natural gas reserves
D:1966, natural petroleum reserves
答案: 【1977, natural gas reserves】
23、选择题:Hyperinflation is a very high, rapid, and continuous ( ), within which the prices of goods and services quickly rise to a level so high.
24、选择题:the so-called oil curse has not only caused Venezuela’s economic decline, but also deteriorated its ( ) climate.
25、选择题: which of the country is the blogger from?
26、选择题:Which movies did the blogger compare the climate of Beijing to?
A:The lord of the Ring
C:Dungeons and Dragons
答案: 【The lord of the Ring】
27、选择题:For London, the disaster was the Great Smog of ( ).
28、选择题:In 19th-century London, ( ) was the main source of smog.
答案: 【Burning coal】
29、选择题:In history, which river once has been declared biologically dead, no longer able to support any life?
A:the River Thames
答案: 【the River Thames】
30、选择题:While it has set targets to increase its consumption of ( ), China remains the world’s top producer and consumer of coal
C:non-fossil fuel energy
答案: 【non-fossil fuel energy】
1、选择题:EI in Chinese means （ ）.
2、选择题:“所在单位” should be translated into（ ）.
3、选择题:Which of the following parts answering the question of “What did I find?” （ ）.
答案: 【Results 】
4、选择题:参考文献 of an academic paper should be translated into （ ）.
5、选择题:Which of the typical elements of an abstract can be omitted? （ ）.
答案: 【background 】
6、选择题:The sentence pattern “The findings hold important implications …” is used to indicate the （ ）of the study.
7、选择题:What is the first step after your submission of your paper? （ ）
答案: 【Preliminary review】
8、选择题:Publish or Perish? The sentence implies that （ ）.
A:If a paper is rejected, it has no value at all.
B: If a paper is published, it becomes useless.
C:If a researcher fails to publish any paper, he is not deemed as successful.
D:If a researcher publishes his paper, he has finished his work.
答案: 【If a researcher fails to publish any paper, he is not deemed as successful.】
The abstract is always the first section to be written.
10、选择题:An abstract should highlight the major points covered in the thesis in order to offer guidance to readers.
11、选择题:Language used in an abstract should be informal to draw closer the relationship between the writer and his potential readers.
12、选择题:Key words included should be standardized terminologies in usually 3-8 words or phrases.
13、选择题:Key words listed should also appear in the title of the thesis.
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